You may have seen roses in a gorgeous garden in your friends’ house and wondered how they could grow that way.
Due to the hundreds of types of roses available, it is almost impossible to determine the roses’ particular species.
Fortunately, roses are easy to grow just by using their existing bush. Once the rose is growing well and healthy, the next thing you need to know later is the procedure on how to grow long stem roses for growing.
In this regards, there are some steps which is noticeably simple and easy to apply. Like growing other plants or flowers, successful planting is not always guaranteed.
However, the tips we are going share below will be surely helpful for cutting the rose stems.
How to Grow Long Stem Roses from Seeds
Is possible to grow the long stem roses from seeds? Why not? If you think that growing plants from seeds is more effective, you can take the seeds.
Here are what you need to do with that.
Start with the rose seeds
Stratification is a period needed by rose seeds to get the cold moist storage before they start sprouting.
After that, you can simply plant the seeds around ¼ inch deep in a seed planting tray. Choose a try that is not more than 3 to 4 inches deep.
If you have any different rose seeds, it is suggested that you use the separate tray. Label the tray with the rose type name along with the planting date.
This way, the planting mix in the tray must come with the moisture.
However, be sure that it is not soaking wet. Seal each tray or pot in a plastic bag then locate them in refrigerator for about 10 to 12 weeks.
Plant The Rose from Seeds
The next step on how to grow long stem roses from seeds is planting the seeds.
Sprout them after stratification period. And take the tray or containers out of the refrigerator and move it into a warm environment whit 21 degree Celsius.
Once the seedling has been in the warm environment, the seed will start sprouting.
Usually, the rose will keep sprouting for around two or three weeks. However, only 20 to 30 percent of the rose seeds will sprout.
Later, give fertilizer to feed the seedlings. This way, you must also make sure that the rose sprouts receive sufficient sunlight when they enter the phase of growing.
For propagation process, it is much recommended to use the light system that works well with the rose.
To keep the fungal disease, make sure you sue fungicide on the growing seeds. Never the over water the seeds since is major killer of seedligs. Don’t forget to provide enough sunlight.
If the seedlings are out based on the area, eliminating them and keep only the hardiest seedlings.
To sprout the new roses, it usually takes time to take care of your time baby. In short, growing some sheets may vary because of the certain factor.
Be patient for the sprouting process and get the best resulted with the best of doing it.
How To Grow Long Stem From Cutting
Growing long stem from cuttings is one of the best ways applied by most of the gardeners. This way, there are several steps to follow carefully.
Cut off The Rose
If you want to grow long stem from cutting, the first primary step to do is cutting the rose itself.
Use the sharp pruners you may already have had to cut the flower. Avoid using scissors since it can leave a mess and imprecise cut.
Cut at a 45 degree angle. So you need to cut the stem from 6 to 12 inches down. The, cut off the flower at the same degree angle.
This is due to the fact that the flower is the only parts of the plant that need most of the energy. Thus, removing it will help reduce the energy on the roots which is much important for propagation process.
Many gardeners deliver their recommendation about using fertilizing cutting tools. This is aimed to prevent the disease from spreading onto your new flower.
To sterilize it, you need simply to heat the blades either in boiling water or under a flame.
Remove The Leaves All
The next steps on how to grow long stem roses form cutting is to remove the leaves all.
This way, start removing the leaves from the stem bottom and let the top two or three leaves to stay. This will make the plant in balance of not delivering too much energy to the leaves. Thus, the roots will start growing well.
Further, removing the leaves will ensuring that the photosynthesis is still occurring, leading to the rose to survive.
Prepare Stem For Rooting
Once you have removed all the leaves, continue the steps by preparing the stem for rooting. So start this step by making a cut instantly below a stem node. These bumps are clear and easily felt.
Later, use pruning shears to cut to quarter of stem. This how “wounding” process are creating area to stimulate the growth of the new roots.
Rooting hormone is also good to use. You can find it at most of the garden centers. Rooting hormone will help increase the rooting for the flower stem.
However, this step is just optional. You can apply it if you want to grow a hardy shrub.
Basically, rooting hormones are available in some different types. However, you will likely choose the powdered form for your flowers.
Plant The Cutting
To plant the cutting stem, a small container can be used to accommodate 3 inches of soil for the cutting.
Usually, there have been available special rose potting mixes to purchase. They are generally added with the nutrients that are much needed by the new rose.
If you prefer using rooting hormone, make sure that you create a hole using either your pencil or your finger to plant the rose stem and place it properly before filling the entire soil over the ends.
Cover The Cutting
Last, cover the cutting. This is the final step on how to grow long stem roses from cutting.
This way, you can either use a plastic bag or wrap to keep the soil moist. This will ensure that there will a bit of ventilation to prevent the mold from growing.
Don’t forget to avoid the plastic touching the leaves since it can develop fungus. This is because you are just starting a green-house cuttings. Thus, the rose will throve.
Fourteen days later, you will notice the roots growth, leading to the chance that the rose is ready for transplantation.
Try to pull gently on the roots and check whether there is any resistance. If yes, it means that the roots is growing.
How To Care Long Stem Rose Bushes
Red roses with long stem are the hybrid tea roses. They can grow at every place with the 2 to 6 feet tall.
Typically, they have one flower on a long stem on the top part of the plant. Long-stemmed red roses are relatively new species of rose.
The first one was planted in the late 19th century. There are three common varieties that mostly grow around the world. They are Ingrid Bergman, Firefighter and Opening Night. These species are growing in the United States especially in the Department of Agriculture.
Here the steps on how to care long stem rose bushes.
- Pick a soil sample kit to help define the kinds of amendments. For optimum rose growth, you can add flower bed. Bring the samples to the local cooperative extension office in your area. Later, you will be given specific information about your condition. Next, you will receive a report telling you what to add in your garden. Choose an area to plan your roses. Make sure the area accept the direct sunlight. Dig down the ground for a planting bed with 2 feet depth.
- Mix the soil amendments recommended in the report with the flower bed. This way, spade is the tool you can effectively use to dig a hole by ensuring that the root of the rose will tough the bottom. Trim the rose roots using the small pruners. Prune the stem and cut them down to 8 inches from the healthy growth. Locate the plant in the hole you made and spread the rose roots around the bank you made in the bottom. Fill the space around the plant with the soil and water it until it reaches the roots.
- Water the flowers but makes sure you don’t make the leaves wet since it will develop fungus. If it is not raining, watering the roses twice a week will be just sufficient.
- Give fertilizer to the roses three times in one year. First, give it in the spring before the plants bud. Secondly, give it in the middle of the summer and thirdly, you can give it in the end of the summer. Use 10-10-10 for the type of plant food with general purpose.
- Remove the damaged using the pruning shears. Leave only three to five healthiest branches. Trim one third of them in V shape configuration. As we have mentioned above, 45 degree is the angle for cutting the branches.
- In the winter, preparing hybrid tea roses is a good idea if you live below the freezing areas. Do pruning to 30 to 36 inches. Cover with soil about 12 inches deep and 12 inches wide. The dirt mounds should also be covered with the leaf mulch or straw.
- Inspect the insect that may come to attack your long-stemmed rose bushes. This way, rose is usually loved by aphids. You can only notice it using a sticky honeydew secretion both on the leave and stem. Give your plants a systemic insecticide if the aphids keep staying.
Best Long Stem Roses to Grow
As classical flower, roses are often included in the garden. They are colorful, fragrant and bloomers, they need only a little maintenance, too.
When the ideal conditions are not ready for you, you must know what the best log stem roses to grow are.
- Roses For Full Sun
Roses for full sun mean that the flowers are thriving in full sun. This way, they receive the sunlight for 6 to 8 hours each day. Along with the proper care, they will come back to thrive year after year. These roses can be fed monthly by Espoma’s organic Rose-Tone to make sure the proper growth.
Sunblaze is a variety of roses that have a sun-loving beauties that will never let you down.
- Autumn Sunblaze
This is a perfect variety to showcase this summer. This kind of rose is suitable to plant in the container. This one must receive lots of sunlight.
- Sunny Knock Out
This variety is beautiful in full of sun. As the name suggests, the bloom are bright yellow fading into a cream color from the center to petal. Even in a cooler months, this kind of rose will stay bright and colorful.
- Container Rose
If you want to have a beautiful garden with roses around yet you don’t have space for them, include no other but the container rose. This variety is suitable for containers. But don’t feel fooled. Just because this type is a miniature doesn’t mean that it cannot be appear spectacular.
- Rainbow Sunblaze
The last nut not least best long stem rose to grow is the rainbow sunblaze. This one is just a great rose type for a summer garden. Plant them in container and it will grow well to beautify your small garden.
Finally, we have shared all about the idea on how to grow long stem roses.
Now you may adopt any idea we have been shared above to apply especially when you want to grow rises either directly in your garden or in the container or small pot.
Just make sure that you know the procedure to follow properly.