Peperomia rosso is a plant that’s easy to find on the American continent, especially in tropical areas. It is a tropical plant that has a lot of names such as emerald ripple pepper or radiator plant. It’s part of the pepper family. Usually, it is an indoor plant and the gardener loves to put it in a medium pot.
Central America, Brazil, and other countries in South America have this plant everywhere/ Because it resembles a pepper plant, some people call it a black pepper plant. There are some varieties of the plant, but the way it grows and cares are the same. Here is the mini guide to having this pretty plant.
How to Grow and Care for Peperomia Rosso
1. Normal size and growth
Leaves and stems
This plant will not grow tall. The maximum height is only about 8-inches high and wide. You need a wide pot to grow this plant and the leaves will cover the whole soil area. The leaves or foliage will form a rosette formation. The leaves are green, heart-shaped, and corrugated.
The size of the leaves is about 1-1.5 inches long. The leaves grow along the stem. There are some deep veins on the leaves and they make the leaves look rough. The stem itself has a dark green color similar to the foliage. Sometimes, it appears as dark as black color.
Flowering and fragrance
Peperomia rosso is unique. Once it blooms, the flowers are a mix of green and white. The size is very small and it’s at the edge of the spike. It’s around 2 inches long only. They appear from the end of the spring to summer. The scent of the flower is scentless, but the formation is unique.
This plant is quite sensitive about watering. Too much water and too dry the soil can ruin the growth. You have to make sure the peperomia rosso watering time is proper. During summer days, you can water the soil once a day with a small amount of water in the afternoon.
Too much water during watering will invite a lot of fungi. Moist soil will also damage the root and end up ruining the growth of the plant. Since the root can’t stand the drought condition, you can check the soil at least twice a week by dipping your finger to check the moisture.
During the winter, the root is easy to rot and it’s dangerous for growth. So, you don’t have to pour any water during winter. The cold weather leaves dampness on the soil. Start to pour some water again during early spring.
Also read: Peperomia Frost
The plant stands for standard humidity for households. That’s why peperomia rosso grows well indoors as a house plant. If the humidity is high due to weather or climate, you can move the plant temporarily to the tray and later the environment balances the condition of the plant.
The best fertilizer to use for peperomia rosso is the diluted liquid. It’s water soluble and doesn’t leave any excess residue in the soil. Fertilizing process is important to grow and caring for this plant. The process of fertilizing is at least twice a month.
It’s different from fertilizing for growing indoors. You only need to fertilize the plant once a month with a moderate amount of fertilizer. This process applies to the autumn and winter seasons since the plant will be more passive than during spring and summer.
Also read: Peperomia Obtusifolia
5. Soil type
The type to grow this plant is important, especially red peperomia. Some gardeners put the plant in a pot, whether it’s outdoors or indoors. The soil for potting must be mixed with some moisture, so the quality is excellent without too much fertilizer.
Besides moisture soil, the soil must be a well-drained type. If the soil absorbs too much water, the root cannot grow and end up rotten. Combine the soil with other types of soil mix such as peat moss, and perlite with the same ratio as the soil.
Grooming is important to care for the growth of the plant. You have to maintain the shape of the peperomia rosso at least twice a month. The leaves get the dust. The first thing to do is wipe the leaves with a wet cloth to remove the dust.
Meanwhile, shape-controlling is the best if you do it in early springtime. Pruning might change the plant dramatically, but this plant grows quickly. The appearance will be bushy in a short time. If you don’t want to groom twice a month, you can groom a lot of stems or leaves.
Like other succulents plant, how to peperomia rosso is easy. The first thing to do is to cut the long leaves. After that, create a hole in the soil with clean and fresh compost. Place the stem into the soil. The end part of the stem should be on the hole.
After that, you have to firm the hole around the stem so it can stand firmly. Watering is important, but it should be a little amount of water. The sun exposure should be inside. Or else, it’s better to keep the plant indoors.
Also read: How to Keep Carved Pumpkins from Rotting
Pests and Diseases of Peperomia Rosso
The major problem of having a peperomia rosso is an attack from several pests. Some pests that keep coming to the plant are mealybugs, spider mites, and white flies. They are bothersome and can ruin the shape of the leaves. Spraying with organic anti-pests is one of the solutions to this problem.
Besides the pests, the plant might have some diseases, especially during summer, autumn and winter. The foliage of the plant might not grow well and be wrinkled. Some leaves might be yellowish because of the diseases. Make sure the watering and lighting are enough to prevent diseases.
Peperomia rosso is a favorite by many people because it is a pretty house plant. The maintenance is easy, and growing it from seed doesn’t require a long period. The plant is growing well in tropical countries. For some subtropical countries, it blooms beautifully in spring and summer.